• خودآزمایی و آموزش

    آشنایی با تست تصاویر مبهم (TAT)

    THE THEMATIC APPERCEPTION TEST (TAT) ‘It is not so much I read a book as that the book reads me.’ (W.H.Auden) Psychiatrists and therapists have long used their patients’ or clients’ responses to images or pictures as the starting point for the discovery and analysis of their inner thoughts‚ hidden feelings‚ private fantasies and unacknowledged hopes and fears. The so-called TAT is a ‘projective test’ of this kind. In psychological parlance‚ ‘projection’ is defined as perceiving in an external object (such as a painting) or person what is in fact in one’s own mind or attitude. Images used in the TAT leave open any number of possible interpretations. Similarly‚ a…

  • خودآزمایی و آموزش

    آشنایی با تست لکه های جوهر

    From: Edited by MEL GOODING . Pscychobox‚ A BOX OF PSYCHOLIGICAL GAMES.Shambhala Publication. 2004   THE INKBLOT Inkblots have long been regarded as suggestive prompts to projective fantasies. ‘ … he who will gaze allentively at that [smudge or blot]’ wrote Leonardo‚ ‘will see in it human heads‚ various animals‚ a battle‚ rocks‚ the sea‚ clouds‚ thickets and still more .. .’ The Swiss psychiatrist Hermann Rorschach (1884-1922) devised a diagnostic test based on his patients’ responses to a series of ten symmetrical inkblots‚ cr‎eated by a vertical fold‚ and presented on printed cards. What patients ‘saw’ in the blots was analysed in terms of a number of categories: e.g.…

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